Motherhood is special for every living creature on the earth. Mothers are always special whether it is human or animal. The mothers are the only one in the world who takes good care of their children. For the children, the mother can bear all the pain in the world. The gestation period is the time of special bonding between a mother and her child.
The normal pregnancy period in humans is 9 months but there are many animals in the world which have more gestation period than humans. These animals have the capacity to hold the child in their womb for many weeks. In this article, we will discuss the Top 10 Animals With Longest Gestation Period.
10 Zebra- 10- 12 months
At number 10, it is zebra. The female zebras mature much earlier than the male zebras. Males breed by the age of 5 or 6 years and females breed at the age of 3. Female zebras give birth once in year. She takes care of her child for 1 year. Zebras are quick learners after their birth and they can stand and walk at an early age.
When a foal is born, it has brown and white color on its body but then turns into white and black color after some years. The foals are protected by their mothers and by other mares.
9 Manatee- 12 months
Manatee is a large sized aquatic mammal. There are 3 species of this mammal in the world. They breed only one time in every 2 years. It gives birth to a single calf every 2 years. The gestation period of manatee is of 12 months and more 12 to 18 months are taken in giving the birth to a calf.
Manatees come on the surface of the water in every 5 minutes to take breathe and when they give birth to a calf, the mothers take their babies to the surface of the sea.
8 Donkey- 11-15 months
The donkeys belong to the horse and wild ass family. The female donkey breeds every one year and further the gestation period is for 11 to 15 months. She gives birth to one foal. She can also give birth to twins but those are very rare cases.
The conception rate of the donkeys is lesser than horses. The female donkeys take a long time to return to the normal body after giving a birth to a foal. The donkey breeders cannot get more than one foal in one year due to long gestation period of donkeys.
7 Giraffe- 13- 15 months
There are 8 species of giraffe in the world presently. About 7 species do not exist now. The reproduction system in the giraffe is different. The male giraffes are generally older than the female giraffes. The gestation period in giraffes is for 400-460 days.
Usually a single calf is born and the twins are born in very rare cases. The female giraffes give birth by standing up. When a calf is about to born, its head and front legs emerge first. The new born calf is about 5.6-6.6 ft. tall.
6 Camel- 13-15 months
There are 3 species of camels in the world at present. The large species of camels in the world now are dromedaries. The camels breed in heat. The female camels mature earlier than males. The pregnancy occurs in camels in left horn most of the time. The twins are very rarely born.
The gestation period in camels is generally between 13 to 15 months. Soon after the birth of baby camel, it can start to walk and stand. The new born camel weighs about 40 kg on its birth.
5 Walrus- 15- 16 months
At number 5, it is walrus which is marine mammal with long tusks. There are 3 species of walrus right now in the world. The males mature at the age of 7 years whereas females mature between the ages of 4-6 years. The gestation period of walrus is 15 to 16 months.
Walrus gives birth to calves in spring season. Soon after their birth, the calves can swim and their weight is between 45 to 75 kg. The female walrus take care of the calves for one year before weaning. After weaning, the female walrus can give birth to a calf once in 2 years.
4 Rhino- 15 to 16 months
All the members of the rhino family have weight more than 1 ton. At present, there are 5 species of rhinos in the world. They have the capacity to carry the calf in their womb for 16 months.
The female rhinos give birth to single calf in one time and not twins. The mothers take care of their calves till they reach the age of 3 years.
3 Whales- 12- 16 months
Whale is the largest aquatic mammal in the world. There are 8 families of whales. They feed, mate and give birth to their young ones at the sea. They can make different vocalizations. The whales give birth at the equator. They give birth to the calves in summer and spring season.
The female whales take care of their young ones till they reach the age of 1 to 2 years. They are fast in nursing their young ones. The sperm whales have the longest gestation period in all species of the whales.
2 Dolphins- 15- 18 months
There are 40 species of dolphins right now in the world. The reproduction system of dolphins and whales are almost similar.
The female dolphins give birth to their calves particularly in spring and summer season. The females nurse their young ones for many years. They can make different kinds of sounds such as whistles and clicks.
1 Elephants- 18 – 22 months
Elephants have the longest gestation period in the world. The female elephants nurse their young ones for 3 years. The calves are born in wet season.
The new born calves are about 85 cm tall and mostly one calf is born and twins are born very rarely. Newborn calves can soon walk and stand after their birth. They quickly sense the smell and touch.
These animals prefer particular seasons for their reproduction cycle and to give birth to their young ones.
Top 10 Animals With Longest Gestation Period
1. Elephants- 18 – 22 months
2. Dolphins- 15- 18 months
3. Whales- 12- 16 months
4. Rhino- 15 to 16 months
5. Walrus- 15- 16 months
6. Camel- 13-15 months
7. Giraffe- 13- 15 months
8. Donkey- 11-15 months
9. Manatee- 12 months
10. Zebra- 10- 12 months
List of Top Ten of this Article