The world has seven continents and 195 countries. Each country varies in area, size, climate, vegetation, wildlife and many other factors. The total area of the country consists of all the land and sea. The area of the country is measured in sq.km. The borders of the countries keep on extending every year and there are many changes in the size of the countries.
The size of the countries keeps on changing due to the mergers of some borders. Sometimes, due to the natural processes, the area of the countries increases or decreases. The other factors which contribute to the size of the country are political division. Today, we will discuss about the Top 10 Largest Countries In The World.
Algeria is situated in the Northern part of Africa. It has an area of more than 2,380,700 sq.km. This country is surrounded by Tunisia on the northeastern part, Libya in east and Morocco on the west. The Sahara desert covers the southwest part of the country.
It has Mediterranean Sea on the northern side. It is 10th biggest country in the globe. The large portion of Algeria is covered by the Sahara desert and it also shares its boundaries with Niger and Mali.
Kazakhstan is bordered by many countries on all sides. It has an area of about 2,724, 900 sq.km. There are 14 regions in Kazakhstan. It touches the river Ural on two sides due to which it also shares border with Europe.
Earlier, it was part of Soviet Union and then China got some of the portion of this country. Kazakhstan is surrounded by many nations such as Russia, Uzbekistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and many other cities also. It extends from Caspian Sea to the Altay Mountains from west to east.
At number 8, it is Argentina which is located in southern part of South America. The country shares its border with Chile in the west, Bolivia and Paraguay in the north, Brazil in the northeastern part and South Atlantic Ocean in the east.
It has an area of 2, 780, 400 sq.km and it is the 2nd biggest country in Latin America. The highest point of Argentina is Aconcagua which is 22, 831 ft. above the sea level. The country is divided into many geographical regions in terms of lowlands, plains, plateaus and forests.
India is on number 7 of the list. It has Indian Ocean in the southern part, Arabian Sea on the west and on the eastern part is the Bay of Bengal. The country is surrounded by Pakistan on the west, China and Nepal on the northeastern part.
Indian has a coastline of 7, 517 km. It is divided into sandy beaches, rocky shores and marshy shores. It also includes Rann of Kutch on the western part of the country and Sunderbans on the eastern part. India has Lakshadweep on the south western part and Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Andaman Sea.
Australia is the sixth biggest country in the world in terms of area. This country is surrounded by many countries such as Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor on the north. The Solomon Islands and Vanuatu are located on the south eastern part of Australia.
It is surrounded by both Indian as well as Pacific Oceans. The coastline of this country is about 34, 218 km. The Great Barrier Reef on the north eastern coast stretches more than 2000 km.
The biggest country in size in Latin America, Brazil is next on the list. It has Atlantic Ocean on its eastern part and a coastline of more than 7, 400 km. It shares its border will almost all the countries of South America except Chile and Ecuador.
Brazil has many archipelagos like Saint Peter and Paul Rocks, Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll and Trindade and Martim Vaz. It has an area of 8, 515, 767 sq.km. Brazil is only one country in the world which has both equator and Tropic of Capricorn passing through it.
4 People’s Republic of China
China is world’s most populated nation in the world. The total area of this country is about 9.6 million sq. km. China has a vast landscape which stretches from Gobi desert to subtropical forests in the south. It has a coastline of 14, 500 km.
China is bordered by Bohai, East China, Yellow and South China seas. It is surrounded by 14 countries. The Great Wall of China extends to the northern part of China. It has the longest land border in the world of 22, 117 km.
3 United States of America
On number 3 of the list is United States of America. It has 50 states with the total area of about 9.8 million sq. km. The country shares its boundaries with Canada in the east and Mexico in the southern part. It is surrounded by Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea and there are total 9 time zones in the country.
The land are of USA is about 2, 959, 064 square miles. Hawaii is the archipelago situated on the central Pacific. The Rocky Mountains reach to an altitude of more than 14, 000 feet. Due to its large size, the country has many kinds of climate.
Canada is second biggest country in the world with the area of 9.98 million sq. km. It shares the border with United States in the southern part and Alaska in the northwestern part.
Canada extends from Atlantic Ocean in the eastern part to Pacific Ocean on the west and also it has Arctic Ocean on its northern part. It has a coastline of more than 240, 000 km.
Russia is the largest country in the whole world with the total area of 17, 125, 200 sq. km. It covers more than 1/8 th portion of Earth’s land area. It stretches from North Asia till Eastern Europe. Russia has 11 time zones due to its huge size.
Russia shares borders with Finland, Norway, Latvia, Estonia, Poland and many other European countries. It has long coastline of more than 37, 000 km surrounded both by Arctic Ocean and Pacific Ocean.
There may be little difference in the total area of the country by some sq. km. due to some natural processes or other divisions.
Top 10 Largest Countries In The World
3. United States of America
4. People’s Republic of China